The Red Scare of 1918-1919, Canada's First War on Terror
7 + Prologue: THe View from the Third Floor
13 + Chapter One: Roots of Unrest
51 + Chapter Two: A Quite Widespread and Dangerous Propaganda
89 + Chapter Three: Fighting Back
123 + Chapter Four: A Seething Time
151 + Chapter Five: The Image of the Bolshevik
183 + Chapter Six: Revolution in Disguise
215 + Chapter Seven: The Most Infamous Consipracy
237 + Chapter Eight: Nothing to Feat But Fear-Mongering Itself
249 + Acknowledgements
251 + Notes
264 + Sources
276 + Index
At the end of World War I, Canada was poised on the brink of social revolution. At least that is what many Canadians, inspired by the success of the Russian Revolution in 1917, hoped and others dreaded. Seeing Reds tells the story of this turbulent period in Canadian history during the winter of 1918–19, when a fearful government led by Prime Minister Robert Borden tried to suppress radical political activity by branding legitimate labour leaders as "Bolsheviks" and "Reds." Canada was in the grip of a widespread Red Scare promoted by the government and the media in order to discredit radical ideas and to rally public support behind mainstream political and economic policies. The story builds toward the events of the Winnipeg General Strike in May–June 1919 when the authorities, believing that the expected revolution had begun, sent soldiers into the streets to put down with force a legitimate labour dispute.
Author Daniel Francis examines Canada's Red Scare in a global context, including government responses to similar activities in the United States and western Europe, as well as its ramifications for the contemporary war on terror, in which issues of free speech and political dissent are similarly compromised in the name of national security. Based on government documents and first-hand accounts by the participants themselves, Seeing Reds is a gripping account of a little known episode in Canadian history.
Seeing Reds is an entertaining, thoughtful, and disturbing book. Well-researched and written with style, it will inform and alarm readers. Daniel Francis brings together the skills of the historian with those of the storyteller to deliver a cautionary tale that is as much about the present as the past.
—Mark Leier, director of Centre for Labour Studies, Simon Fraser University and author of Bakunin: The Creative Passion
Francis presents a vivid picture of sharp class and political struggles across Canada during the early 20th century … The details make for compelling reading.